Do you remember them? Part 2: subjects, objects and ‘extra information’. Cheers Moises! He prefers results and usually looks at actions in a more philosophical way. When deciding whether “to be” or “not to be,” Hamlet is trying to make a decision (to kill himself or not). He becomes more detached from reality and relationships. He’s super organised and is always thinking about his next move. But there’s something missing. How can we make it a little cleaner? This is part 2 of a series of posts on “-ing” and “to,” a.k.a. Generally speaking, we usually use “-ing” as the subject if we want to sound natural. But we can take this a step further by introducing the “-ing” lady: Now that’s a superhero grammar character right there! Gabriel Clark is an English teacher with 14 years’ experience and an MA in TESOL and Applied Linguistics from Portsmouth University. What’s going on here? This clearly makes sense, right? It doesn’t really make sense, does it? What should I read in English? Your email address will not be published. -ing Form as Subject, Object or Complement We can use the -in g form as the subject, object or complement of a clause, for example: Smoking costs a lot of money. Well — technically, yes. Hello, Gabriel! So although we can use “-ing” as a subject with an adjective: …when we want to make this feeling less subjective, “to” man hangs out with the adjective in the object. The “-ing” lady is very different. In that case we can have examples like “I’m looking forward to seeing you” or “I’ll never get used to getting up this early.”. And like with subjects, the “-ing” choice is usually more natural. It’s good English, right? But what do we do when it’s unclear which one to use? There are lots and lots of things we can express in the “extra information” part. When we want to talk about something based on experience, we should use “-ing.”. These two forms look identical. When we use “to” we’re imagining feeding the giraffe as part of everything else. I don't like writing. Early days of the new wave of British comedy. He thinks more about the result than the experience. 8 books that you will finish. A verb ending in -ing is either a present participle or a gerund. The “to” man is all about plans and goals. But it’s a bit unnatural. When we use “-ing,” we’re imagining the experience of feeding the giraffe. Both of these sentences are correct and both of them mean the same thing. Interesting explanation I am going to use it with my learners. gerund and infinitive. See how she just cleaned that sentence up like a pro? He’s the “Clark” in Clark and Miller, a website that focuses on giving learners a deeper understanding of how English works through online courses and a blog that often features giraffes. I didn’t read this article yet, but I know it is a good one. This helps express Hamlet’s madness. And planning for the future is exactly what “to” man likes to do. This shows that although “-ing” lady is quite emotional and nostalgic, she can be very efficient when she wants to be. In the last post about these guys, we looked at how they work after verbs. It doesn’t matter — we can just use “it.”, “To” man also likes hanging out by himself in the “extra information” section. Why does Hamlet say, “To be, or not to be” and not, “Being or not being”? Which of these sentences sound more natural: Remember that “-ing” lady is all about experience and “to” man is more objective and scientific. Why Can’t You Understand What You Watch in English? Remember that “to” man is not interested in experiences? He met the giraffe at midnight to help him pack his bags. I don’t want to sound too much like a grammar geek — but this is one of my favourite pieces of grammar ever. The most dangerous part of my job is to feed the giraffe. Beth met a lot of giraffes. These are the “-ing” lady and the “to” man. “-ing” and “to” as object. Generally speaking, we usually use “-ing” as the subject if we want to sound natural. And I promise there won’t be so many giraffes next time. When we attach “to” man to an adjective, it creates a beautifully balanced sentence. (By the way, this grammar structure is called a relative clause.). Like with subjects, we can usually use both. Decisions are all about planning and “pushing” to the future.
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